Considering the importance of sheep and goats in the livelihood of the poor and marginal farmers in Africa and South Asia, PPR is an important concern for food security and poverty alleviation. Clinically, the disease resembles rinderpest (RP) in cattle and is characterized by high fever (pyrexia), conjunctivitis, oculo-nasal discharges, necrotizing and erosive stomatitis, diarrhea and bronchopneumonia followed by either death of the animal or recovery from the disease. Pregnant animals may abort. The incubation period of the disease is 2–7 days. Death usually occurs 4–6 days after the onset of fever. PPRV infection leads to high morbidity (up to 100%) and up to 90% mortality.