Elephant!! A National Heritage Animal: Why its Survival Matter?


PC: Saketh Upadhya, https://unsplash.com/

An elephant plays a crucial role in the ecology of the vast plains and is superlative indicator of forest health. They graze profoundly on inhabitant grasses and muddle the soil with their movement, allowing many plant and animal species to develop. They distribute the plant and fodder seeds by dung everywhere into jungle, while dung pile act as bio fertilizer and provide essential nutrient to the wild flora and fauna and maintain the soil fertility as well as water holding capacity. They consume more than hundreds of plants species that supports a vegetation type ranging from evergreen to moist deciduous. Thus, the species is found in a forested area having enormous biodiversity. This is the reason why elephant is often referred as an indicator species of a healthy forest ecosystem. Many species follow the elephant for food and water especially in drought conditions. According to elephant expert more than 150 types of plant, amphibians are depend upon the elephant if we lose the elephant these plants and amphibians are also extinct slowly. For healthy forest, elephant are key species and these forests are major source of water and oxygen for us.

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